Welcome to the home page of MULTIKEEP!

This web site is a companion to the paper Simulating the Evolution of Contest Escalation by Winfried Just and Xiaolu Sun. The paper investigates the following question: Why is it that in some animal species fights are more often initiated by the eventual loser rather than the eventual winner? The simulations reported in that paper were done with the program MULTIKEEP. At this web site we present detailed information about this program, its source code, as well as the output files on which the paper is based.

You are welcome to download and run these programs, under the condition that you will not hold their authors responsible for any possible malfunction of the programs.

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 9904799. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


© 2003 Winfried Just and Xiaolu Sun
Last modified August 24, 2003.